History of Chiropractor Care The roots of Chiropractor care can be traced all the way back to the beginning of recorded time. Writings from China and Greece written in 2700 B.C. and 1500 B.C. mention spinal manipulation and the maneuvering of the lower extremities to ease low back pain. Hippocrates, the Greek physician, who lived from 460 to 357 B.C., also published texts detailing the importance of Chiropractor care. In one of his writings he declares, “Get knowledge of the spine, for this is the requisite for many diseases”.
In the United States, the practice of spinal manipulation began gaining momentum in the late nineteenth century. In 1895, Daniel David Palmer founded the Chiropractor profession in Davenport, Iowa. Palmer was well read in medical journals of his time and had great knowledge of the developments that were occurring throughout the world regarding anatomy and physiology. In 1897, Daniel David Palmer went on to begin the Palmer School of Chiropractor, which has continued to be one of the most prominent Chiropractor colleges in the nation.
Throughout the twentieth century, doctors of Chiropractor gained legal recognition in all fifty states. A continuing recognition and respect for the Chiropractor profession in the United States has led to growing support for Chiropractor care all over the world. The research that has emerged from ” around the world” has yielded incredibly influential results, which have changed, shaped and molded perceptions of Chiropractor care. The report, Chiropractor in New Zealand published in 1979 strongly supported the efficacy of Chiropractor care and elicited medical cooperation in conjunction with Chiropractor care. The 1993 Manga study published in Canada investigated the cost effectiveness of Chiropractor care. The results of this study concluded that Chiropractor care would save hundreds of millions of dollars annually with regard to work disability payments and direct health care costs.
Doctors of Chiropractor have become pioneers in the field of non-invasive care promoting science-based approaches to a variety of ailments. A continuing dedication to Chiropractor research could lead to even more discoveries in preventing and combating maladies in future years.
Education of Doctors of Chiropractor
Doctors of Chiropractor must complete four to five years at an accredited Chiropractor college. The complete curriculum includes a minimum of 4,200 hours of classroom, laboratory and clinical experience. Approximately 555 hours are devoted to learning about adjustive techniques and spinal analysis in colleges of Chiropractor. In medical schools, training to become proficient in manipulation is generally not required of, or offered to, students. The Council on Chiropractor Education requires that students have 90 hours of undergraduate courses with science as the focus.
Those intending to become doctors of Chiropractor must also pass the national board exam and all exams required by the state in which the individual wishes to practice. The individual must also meet all individual state licensing requirements in order to become a doctor of Chiropractor.
An individual studying to become a doctor of Chiropractor receives an education in both the basic and clinical sciences and in related health subjects. The intention of the basic Chiropractor curriculum is to provide an in-depth understanding of the structure and function of the human body in health and disease. The educational program includes training in the basic medical sciences, including anatomy with human dissection, physiology, and biochemistry. Thorough training is also obtained in differential diagnosis, radiology and therapeutic techniques. This means, a doctor of Chiropractor can both diagnose and treat patients, which separates them from non-physician status providers, like physical therapists. According to the Council on Chiropractor Education DCs are trained as Primary care Providers.
What is a Doctor of Chiropractor?
The proper title for a doctor of Chiropractor is “doctor” as they are considered physicians under Medicare and in the overwhelming majority of states. The professional credentials abbreviation ” D.C.” means doctor of Chiropractor. ACA also advocates in its Policies on Public Health that DCs may be referred to as (Chiropractor) physicians as well.
As a profession, the primary belief is in natural and conservative methods of health care. Doctors of Chiropractor have a deep respect for the human body’s ability to heal itself without the use of surgery or medication. These doctors devote careful attention to the biomechanics, structure and function of the spine, its effects on the musculoskeletal and neurological systems, and the role played by the proper function of these systems in the preservation and restoration of health. A Doctor of Chiropractor is one who is involved in the treatment and prevention of disease, as well as the promotion of public health, and a wellness approach to patient healthcare.
Scope of Practice
Doctors of Chiropractor frequently treat individuals with neuromusculoskeletal complaints, such as headaches, joint pain, neck pain, low back pain and sciatica. Chiropractors also treat patients with osteoarthritis, spinal disk conditions, carpal tunnel syndrome, tendonitis, sprains, and strains. However, the scope of conditions that Doctors of Chiropractor manage or provide care for is not limited to neuromusculoskeletal disorders. Chiropractors have the training to treat a variety of non-neuromusculoskeletal conditions such as: allergies, asthma, digestive disorders, otitis media (non-suppurative) and other disorders as new research is developed.
A variety of techniques, treatment and procedure are used to restore healing which will be the topic of future education releases.
Works Cited Chapman-Smith, David: The Chiropractor Profession. West Des Moines, Iowa, NCMIC Group Inc., 2000: 11-17, 70-71. Chiropractor: State of Art. Arlington, Virginia, American Chiropractor Association, 1998: 2-3, 12-14. Spinal Manipulation Policy Statement. Arlington, Virginia: American Chiropractor Association, 1999: 6.